Who Was The First Interior Designer – ) is an American artist who became a well-known interior designer and author. Born in New York City, de Wolfe paid close attention to her surroundings from her early years and became one of the first female interior designers, replacing the dark and decorative Victorian era with lighter, simpler styles and basics. room with no purpose.

Her 1926 marriage to the glish diplomat Sir Charles Mdl was a marriage of convenience, although she was proud to call him Lady Mdl. From 1892 de Wolfe was living oply in a relationship with Elisabeth Marbury, with whom he lived in New York and Paris. Mrs. Mdl is a popular social figure, and stands in the most distinguished circles.

Who Was The First Interior Designer

In 2015, he was named by the Equality Forum as one of its 31 Icons of LGBT History Month of 2015

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He was certainly the most famous name in the field until the 1930s, but the profession of the interior designer/designer was recognized as a promising one as early as 1900,

Five years before he received his first official club, the Colony Club in New York. During his wife’s lifetime (from 1926 until her death in 1950), the press often referred to her as Lady Mdl.

Among Wolfe’s distinguished clits were Anne Harriman Vanderbilt, Anne Morgan, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, and Henry Clay and Adelaide Frick.

He transformed the interiors of rich clits houses from dark wood, armored palaces into light, intimate spaces featuring new colors and reliance on Frch 18th-ctury furniture and accessories.

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In her autobiography, de Wolfe – born Ella Anderson de Wolfe and the only Canadian-born daughter of a doctor – called herself “a rebel in a dirty world.” His ssitivity to body and color was great from childhood. When he came home from school one day, he found that his body parts had been redone in the drawing room:

“He ran [in] … and looked at the walls, which were papered in the design of [William] Morris of gray palm leaves and bright red colors and gre on the background of a bright light. Something terrible that cut as if there was a knife in him, he bent his body to the ground, putting his hard foot, as he beat his hand on the carpet…. He cried, repeatedly: ‘It’s bad! It’s bad. ‘”

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Hutton Wilkinson, chairman of the Elsie de Wolfe Foundation, explained that many of the things de Wolfe hated, such as the “pickle and plum Morris furniture,” are valued today by museums and designers. “De Wolfe simply did not want the Victorian, high fashion of his unhappy childhood,” Wilkinson wrote, “and chose to exclude it from his design vocabulary.”

De Wolfe’s first career choice was that of an actress. She first appeared with the Amateur Comedy Club in New York as Lady Clara Seymour in A Cup of Tea (April 1886) and as Maude Ashley in Sunshine (December 1886), a comedy by Fred W. Broughton. Her success led to a full-time theater career, making her debut in Sardou’s Thermidor in 1891, in which she played the role of Fabine with Forbes-Robertson.

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In 1894, he joined the Empire Treasury under Charles Frohman. In 1901 he brought out The Way of the World under his own managemt at the Victoria Theatre, and later toured the United States in effect.

On stage, it is neither a total failure nor a great success; one critic called it “the leading position of a different picture of a well-dressed man.”

He became interested in interior design as a result of theater plays, and in 1903 he left the theater to launch a career as a decorator.

Many things helped him to become such an influential person in the visible field – his social connections, his reputation as an artist and his success in decorating the interior of the Irving House, the residence he shared with his lover and lover. her, Elisabeth “Bessie “Marbury.

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Opting for a sleeker design than was fashionable in Victorian times, she helped transform interiors featuring dark, heavy drapes and over-the-top furniture into light, soft, feminine rooms. open. He makes a feature of mirrors, which reflect light and wide living spaces, which he brings back in traditional furniture painted in white or colored colors, and his taste for chinoiserie, chintz, gre and white lines, wicker, trompe-l’œil effects in the wall, and trelliswork motifs, suggest the allure of the Gard. As de Wolfe said: “I open the doors and windows of America, and let the wind and sun in.” His inspiration comes from 18th-century Frch and fine art, literature, theater, and fashion.

In 1905, Stanford White, architect for the Colony Club and longtime friend, helped de Wolfe secure a commission for his interior design. The house, located at 120 Madison Avue (near 30th Street), would become the first women’s club on its oping two years later, much of its appeal due to the interiors de Wolfe organized. Instead of the heavy, male overtones th pervasive in the modern interior, de Wolfe used light fabric for window coverings, painted the walls pale colors, tiled the floors, and added wicker seats and settees. cted effects on the illusion of an outdoor pavilion.

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(The building is now occupied by the American Academy of Dramatic Arts.) The success of the Colony Club proved a turning point in his own life and career, establishing his reputation as the most sought-after interior decorator of the day.

Over the next six years, de Wolfe designed the interiors for many prestigious private homes, clubs, and businesses in the Eastern and Western regions. By 1913, his reputation had grown so much that his studio occupied tire floor of offices on 5th Avue.

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That year he received the highest commission – from the great Henry Clay Frick, one of the richest people in America at that time.

The couple appeared to marry primarily for social purposes, living together but keeping separate residences. In 1935, Wolfe published her memoir, but did not tell her husband about it.

Although his work was not very different, it is alleged that Mdl’s knighthood was awarded because of the recovery of his letters from a gigolo who had been dating Prince George, Duke of Kt.

The Times reported “the intded marriage came as a great surprise to his fridges” a veiled reference to the fact that since 1892 de Wolfe had been living with Bessie Marbury. At first, they both lived at 49 Irving Place, and th, 13 Sutton Place.

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As the book says: “Wh in New York he made his home with Miss Elisabeth [sic] Marbury at 13 Sutton Place.”

The daughter of a New York City attorney, Elisabeth (“Bessie”) Marbury, like de Wolfe, was also a pioneer sister. She was one of the oldest female theater actors and one of the oldest female Broadway producers. Her clits include Oscar Wilde and George Bernard Shaw. During the 40 years they were together, Marbury was the main support for the couple. In a 2003 book, David Von Drehle wrote about “Willowy De Wolfe and Marbury male … a cut across the way through Manhattan society. Gossip called them “the Bachelors.”

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Hoping nothing to change in their relationship because of his marriage to Mdl, de Wolfe remained Marbury’s lover until the latter’s death in 1933.

In 1926 The New York Times described de Wolfe as “one of the best-known women in New York social life,” and in 1935 as “famous in Paris society.”

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In 1935, Paris experts named her the best-dressed woman in the world, noting that she wore what suited her best, regardless of style.

At his home in France, the Villa Trianon, he has a dog cemetery in which each tombstone reads, “The One I Loved Most.”

In the early 1900s, de Wolfe promoted a semi-vegetarian diet consisting of fresh fish, oysters, shellfish and vegetables.

He describes himself as an “antifagist”, neither a red meat eater nor a complete vegetarian. De Wolfe advocates gardening and eating home grown vegetables and organic food.

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In 1974, Hauser commted that “the wonderful Lady Mdl Elsie de Wolfe Mdl was a good frid and faithful studt of food, of whom I am very proud.”

His morning exercises are famous. In his memoir, de Wolfe wrote that his daily regime in the 70s included yoga, standing on his head, and walking on his hands. “I have a regular exercise routine based on the Yogi method,” Elsie said, “shown to me by Anne Vanderbilt and her daughter, Princess Murat. I stand on my head [and] I can turn the wheelbarrow. Or I walk in up- on my hand.”

This aspect of her life is immortalized in the title of Cole Porter’s 1934 song, Anything Goes: “When you hear that Lady Mdl stand up / Now land the handle up / on your toes / anything goes.”

De Wolfe died in Versailles, France. Upon cremation, his ashes were placed in a common grave at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

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Interior of Elsie De Wolfe’s music pavilion looking out onto the pool, The Villa Trianon, William Bruce Ellis Rank

In 2015, he was named by the Equality Forum as one of its 31 Icons of LGBT History Month 2015. Sir Terence Conran,

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